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What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids or piles are lumps that occur inside and around the anus. They are very common. They happen when there is a weakness in the side of the anal canal that leads to thickening of the lining and then veins can enlarge to become hemorrhoid, causing symptoms such as bleeding, pain, and discomfort.

Piles may be just inside called internal hemorrhoid or outside called external hemorrhoid of the anus. Large internal hemorrhoids may protrude outside the anus.

External Hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids are under the skin around your anus, where there are many more pain-sensing nerves. Symptoms of external hemorrhoids include:

  • Pain
  • Bleeding
  • Itching
  • Swelling

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

Internal Hemorrhoids Can Cause:

  • Blood on the tissue after having a bowel movement
  • Skin that sticks out of the anus during bowel movements

External Hemorrhoid Symptoms Include:

  • Extreme itching around the anus
  • Uncomfortable lump or swelling near your anus
  • Aches or pain around the anus, especially when sitting


How to Prevent Hemorrhoids

  • Eat fiber helps food pass through your system easier. A good way to get it is from plant foods: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, seeds, beans, and legumes. Aim for 20 to 35 grams of dietary fiber a day.
  • Use fiber supplements. Over-the-counter supplements can help soften stool if you don’t get enough fiber from food. Start with a small amount, and slowly use more.
  • Drink more water. It helps you avoid hard stools and constipation, so you strain less during bowel movements. Fruits and vegetables, which have fiber, also have water in them.
  • Physical activity, like walking a half-hour every day, keeps your blood and your bowels moving.
  • Use the toilet as soon as you feel the urge.
  • Don’t strain during a bowel movement or sit on the toilet for long periods. This puts more pressure on your veins.
  • Keep a healthy weight.

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