Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis, is a fungal infection of the skin. It can affect both humans and animals. The infection initially appears as red patches on the affected areas that later spread to different body areas. It majorly affects the scalp, nails, feet, groin, and beard.
Types of Ringworm
It is classified based on the part of the body it affects.
- Tinea capitis: It is found in the area of the head and is considered to be very contagious.
- Tinea corporis: This fungal infection might occur in any part of the body. Thus it is known as a body ringworm.
- Tinea cruris: This fungal infection affects the skin around the inner thighs, buttocks, and groin. It is also known as the Jock itch.
- Tinea pedis: It is more common in the feet and between toes and occurs due to keeping the feet wet or sweaty.
Causes of Ringworm
- It spreads by skin contact with an infected person.
- It spreads from pets and cows. One should wash hands properly after playing with the pets.
- The fungus-causing ringworm might be lingering on clothes, comb, towels, and brushes.
- These fungi are mainly present in the spores of soil. Coming into contact with such soil will result in an infection.
Symptoms of Ringworm
- Itchy, scaly red spots appear on the groin area.
- Ringworm appears like an itchy, scaly, inflamed bald spot on the scalp.
- Ringworm on nails appears to be thick and abnormal in color and shape.
- In the beard, itchy, red spots appear on the chin, cheeks, and upper neck.
Following precautions is one of the best methods to avoid ringworms.
- Maintain cleanliness and hygiene.
- Wash hands with sanitizers.
- Wear clean ironed clothes.
- Avoid using communal pools.
- Wear loose-fitting cotton clothes to avoid the accumulation of sweat.
- Having a shower twice a day.
- Touching or scratching the itchy red patches would help to prevent them from spreading.