# What are C++ operators?

C++ operators are symbols that perform operations on variables and values. For example, `+` is an operator used for addition, while `-` is an operator used for subtraction. C++ Operators can be classified into 6 types:

1. Arithmetic Operators
2. Assignment Operators
3. Relational Operators
4. Logical Operators
5. Bitwise Operators
6. Other Operators

### Arithmetic Operators

There are the following arithmetic operators supported by the C++ language:

Operator Description
Subtracts second operand from the first
* Multiplies both operands
/ Divides numerator by de-numerator
% Modulus Operator and the remainder of after an integer division
++ Increment operator increases integer value by one
Decrement operator decreases integer value by one

### Relational Operators

There are the following relational operators supported by the C++ language

Operator Description
== Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if yes then the condition becomes true.
!= Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if values are not equal then the condition becomes true.
> If the value of the left operand is greater than the value of the right operand, if yes then the condition becomes true.
< Checks if the value of the left operand is less than the value of the right operand, if yes then the condition becomes true.
>= Checks if the value of the left operand is greater than or equal to the value of the right operand, if yes then the condition becomes true.
<= Inspect if the value of the left operand is less than or equal to the value of the right operand, if yes then the condition becomes true.

#### Logical Operators

There are the following logical operators supported by the C++ language.

Operator Description
&& Called Logical AND operator. If both the operands are non-zero, then the condition becomes true.
|| Called Logical OR Operator. If any of the two operands are non-zero, then the condition becomes true.
! Called Logical NOT Operator. Use to reverses the logical state of its operand. If a condition is true, then the Logical NOT operator will make false.

### Bitwise Operators

Operator Description
& Binary AND Operator copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands.
| Binary OR Operator copies a bit if it exists in either operand.
^ Binary XOR Operator copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both.
~ Binary Ones Complement Operator is unary and has the effect of ‘flipping’ bits.
<< Binary Left Shift Operator. The left operands value is moved left by the number of bits specified by the right operand.
>> Binary Right Shift Operator. The left operands value is moved right by the number of bits specified by the right operand.

### Assignment Operators

There are the following assignment operators supported by the C++ language.

Operator Description
= Simple assignment operator, Assigns values from right side operands to left side operand.
+= Add AND assignment operator, It adds the right operand to the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand.
-= Subtract AND assignment operator, It subtracts the right operand from the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand.
*= Multiply AND assignment operator multiplies the right operand with the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand.
/= Divide AND assignment operator, It divides left operand with the right operand and assigns the result to the left operand.
%= Modulus AND assignment operator, It takes modulus using two operands and assigns the result to the left operand.
<<= Left shift AND assignment operator.
>>= Right shift AND assignment operator.
&= Bitwise AND assignment operator.
^= Bitwise exclusive OR and assignment operator.
|= Bitwise inclusive OR and assignment operator. 